The following contributions are what we have found to be relevant research, published papers and articles in the field of movement therapy and reflex integration and its relationship to sensory integration, motor development, cognition, behavior and emotional regulation.

These are by no means the only contributions. We will be adding more as they become available and are reviewed by our team.  If you would like to submit additional research to be considered for posting, please email us with your request.  Many thanks.


Bart, O., Bar-Haim, Y., Weizman, E., Levin, M., Sadeh, A. & Mintz, M. (2009). Balance treatment ameliorates anxiety and increases self-esteem in children with comorbid anxiety and balance disorder.  Research in Developmental Disabilities 30(3); 486-495.  doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2008.07.008

Berne, Samuel A. (2006). The primitive reflexes: Treatment considerations in the infant. Optometry and Vision Development 37(3); 139-145.

Butcher, P. R., van Braeckel, K., Bouma, A., Einspieler, C., Stremmelaar, E. F., & Bos, A. F. (2009). The quality of preterm infants’ spontaneous movements: An early indicator of intelligence and behaviour at school age. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50(8); 920-930.

Callcott, Deborah (2012). Retained primary reflexes in pre-primary-aged Indigenous children: The effect on movement ability and school readiness. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood 37(2); 132-140.

Chang Y-S, Gratiot M, Owen JP, Brandes-Aitken A, Desai SS, Hill SS, Arnett AB, Harris J, Marco EJ and Mukherjee P (2016) White Matter Microstructure is Associated with Auditory and Tactile Processing in Children with and without Sensory Processing Disorder. Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. 9:169. doi: 10.3389/fnana.2015.00169

Konicarova, J. & Bob, P. (2012). Retained primitive reflexes and ADHD in children. Activitas Nervosa Superior 54(3-4); 135-138.

McPhillips, M., Hepper, P. G., & Mulhem, G. (2000, February 12). Effects of replicating primary-reflex movements on specific reading difficulties in children: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. The Lancet 355; 537-541.

McPhillips, M. & Jordan-Black, J-A. (2007). Primary reflex persistence in children with reading difficulties (dyslexia): A cross-sectional study. Neuropsychologia 45; 748-754.

McPhillips; M. & Jordan-Black, J-A. (2007). The effect of social disadvantage on motor development in young children: A comparative study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 48(12); 1214-1122.

McPhillips, M. & Sheehy, N. (2004). Prevalence of persistent primary reflexes and motor problems in children with reading difficulties. Dyslexia  10(4); 316-338.

Owen, J.P., Marco, E. J., Desai, S., Fourie, E., Harris, J., Hill, S. S., Arnett, A. B., Mukherjee, P. (2013). Abnormal white matter microstructure in children with sensory processing disorders. NeuroImage: Clinical 2; 844-853.

Taylor, M., Houghton, S. & Chapman, E. (2004). Primitive reflexes and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Developmental origins of classroom dysfunction. International Journal of Special Education 19(1); 23-37.

Teitelbaum, P., Teitelbaum, O. B., Fryman, J. & Maurer, R. (2002). Reflexes gone astray in autism in infancy. Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders 6; 15-22.

Wahlberg T. & Ireland, D. (2005). Can replicating primary reflex movements improve reading ability? Optometry and Vision Development 36(2); 89-91.

Zachry, A. H. & Kitzmann, K. M. (2011). Brief Report – Caregiver awareness of prone play recommendations. American Journal of Occupational Therapy 65(1); 101-105.


Goddard Blythe, S. (2001, April). Neurological dysfunction as a significant factor in children diagnosed with dyslexia. Paper published in proceedings; 5th International British Dyslexia Association Conference. University of York, England.

Goddard Blythe, S. (2011). Neuro-motor maturity – An indicator of developmental readiness for education. TAC (Team Around the Child) Journal, 4(12), 1-12.

Jicha, G. (2012). Reflexes may predict Alzheimer’s: Primitive responses that disappear after infancy could be used for early diagnosis. Lexington Herald-Leader News.

Keen, C. (2004, July 26). Infants’ movements can signal a form of autism. University of Florida News.

McPhillips, M. (2001). The role of persistent primary-reflexes in reading delay. Dyslexia Review 13(1); 4-7.

Rider, B. (1972). Relationship of postural reflexes to learning disabilities.  American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 26(5); 239-243.